This appears to be directly related to
I am running zabbix 2.4.4 on ubuntu 14.10 under apache 2.4.10 and mod_php 5.5.12. For authentication I am using mod_auth_pubtkt 0.8.
I cannot get the HTTP authentication to work. I am logging in with a user that also exists in the zabbix DB.
Looking at index.php I see this:
mod_auth_pubtkt does set REMOTE_USER, but this does not cause the PHP_AUTH_USER variable to be set which would explain why this is not working. It seems that utilizing REMOTE_USER would be the better option.
In fact, on my install, I simply replaces PHP_AUTH_USER with REMOTE_USER in index.php and include/classes/api/services/CUser.php (5 instances total) and now it is working fine.
Perhaps on other systems REMOTE_USER would not be set, but I think it is pretty much the standard for HTTP basic auth, so it seems like this would be a resonable change. However, for the sake of makeing sure you don't break something else, you might simply check and if PHP_AUTH_USER is not set, set it to the value of REMOTE_USER. That would be a one line change and should prevent any breakage.